I was reading a weaving friend's blog today, and she was having some trouble with weaving her rag rug. I thought I could put a few tips on here, that I have learned from other weavers.
I just started weaving a rag rug yesterday, so I will use it as an example.
First of all, my usual rag rugs are warped with rug warp or a similar weight sturdy yarn. They are spaced 12 epi in a 12 dent reed and threaded 1-2-3-4 or 4-3-2-1. (click a photo to enlarge)
Weaving for a hem can cause some problems, because the yarn used for the hem is so much thinner than the rags used for the body of the rug. There are a couple things that can be done to minimize the draw-in that can happen. If I'm using rug warp for my hem, I will double it. I quite often use a thicker yarn, such as Sugar and Cream yarn used to knit dishrags, and I usually use a single strand of that size yarn. I weave my hems with a standard tabby (harnesses 1 - 3 alternating with harnesses 2 - 4).
I use different treadles from the tabby hems to weave the rags.
I sew my strips together with the following method:
Thick hems can be hard on sewing machines if proper technique isn't used. I will show my method of sewing hems on a home sewing machine in a future post, so stay tuned!